Weak artificial intelligence and computational brute strength

  • Alexandre Quaresma
Keywords: Artificial intelligence (AI), Turing Univeral Machine (MUT), general artificial intelligence (IAG), GPT-3, cognition, hard problem, weak AI, strong AI, computer science, computational brute force, technology criticism

Abstract

The purpose of this essay is to reflect critically on the current condition of our most modern artificial intelligence systems, their latent potentials, their technical possibilities, and also on their intrinsic structural and functional limitations. For this, we will take as an emblematic example of this time the new GPT-3 from OpenAI, which is a powerful specialist artificial intelligence system, therefore, a system designed and used according to the weak theory of AI, which is nothing more than a model of relatively complex artificial verbal language, structurally forged with 175 billion parameters and variables.

References

ALEKSANDER, Igor. Machine consciousness: fact or fiction? In: Footnote: showcasing research with the power to change our world. 20 fev. 2014. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 17 ago. 2019.
ASKELL, Amanda. GPT-3: Towards Renaissance Models. In Philosophers On GPT-3 (update with replies by GPT-3), DAILYNOUS: News Four and About the Philosopher Profession, 2020. Acesso em: 16/08/2020. Disponível em:
BOSTROM, Nick. Superinteligência: caminhos, perigos e estratégias para um novo mundo. Rio de Janeiro: DarkSide Books, 2018.
BUZSÁKI, György. Rhythms of the brain. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006.
CHALMERS, David. GPT-3 and General Intelligence. In Philosophers On GPT-3 (update with replies by GPT-3), DAILYNOUS: News Four and About the Philosopher Profession, 2020. Acesso em: 16/08/2020. Disponível em:
CHANGEUX, Jean-Pierre; CONNES, Alain. Matéria e pensamento. São Paulo: Editora UNESP, 1995.
CREVIER, Daniel. Inteligência artificial. Madri: Acento Editorial, 1996.
SHEVLIN, Henry. A Digital Remix of Humanity. In Philosophers On GPT-3 (update with replies by GPT-3), DAILYNOUS: News Four and About the Philosopher Profession, 2020. Acesso em: 16/08/2020. Disponível em:
GOLDIN, Dina; WEGNER, Peter. The origins of the Turing thesis myth. Technical Report CS04-14, Providence: Brown University, 2004. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 17 ago. 2019.
HAIKONEN, Pentti. The cognitive approach to conscious machines. Exeter: Imprint Academic, 2003.
___________. Robot brains circuits and systems for conscious machines. Chichester: Wiley, 2007.
SIMON, Herbert A. Herbert A. Simon: o computador-rei. In: PESSIS-PASTERNAK, Guitta (org.). Do caos à inteligência artificial: quando os cientistas se interrogam. São Paulo: Editora UNESP, 1992, p. 223-232.
MOTEMAYOR, Carlos. Language and Intelligence. In Philosophers On GPT-3 (update with replies by GPT-3), DAILYNOUS: News Four and About the Philosopher Profession, 2020. Acesso em: 16/08/2020. Disponível em:
NEGROTTI, Massimo. From the natural brain to the artficial Mind. In: SWAN, Liz. (org.), Origins of mind, v. 8: biosemiotics, Drodrecht: Springer Science+Business Media, 2012, p. 399-410.
PARNAS, David. The real risks of artificial intelligence. Communications of ACM, v. 60, n. 10, 2017.
QUARESMA, Alexandre. Inteligência artificial e bioevolução: Ensaio epistemológico sobre organismos e máquinas. Dissertação de Mestrado pelo programa de pós-graduação em Tecnologias da Inteligência e Design Digital (TIDD), pela Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo (PUC/SP), 2020.
__________. A falácia lúdica das três leis: Ensaio sobre inteligência artificial, sociedade e o difícil problema da consciência. In PAAKAT: Revista de Tecnología e Sociedad, número (no prelo), 2020a.
___________. Inteligências artificiais e o problema da consciência. In PAAKAT: Revista de Tecnología e Sociedad, número 16 (9), 2019.
___________. Inteligências artificiais e os limites da computação. In PAAKAT: Revista de Tecnología e Sociedad, número 15 (8), 2018.
RINI, Regina. The Digital Zeitgeist Ponders Our Obsolescence. In Philosophers On GPT-3 (update with replies by GPT-3), DAILYNOUS: News Four and About the Philosopher Profession, 2020. Acesso em: 16/08/2020. Disponível em:
SEARLE, John. Mente, cérebro e ciência. Lisboa: Edições 70, 2017.
____________. A redescoberta da mente. São Paulo: Martins Fontes, 2006.
___________. Consciência e linguagem. São Paulo: WMF/Martins Fontes, 2010.
____________. O mistério da consciência. São Paulo: Paz e terra, 1998.
SHARKEY, Noel; WYNSBERGHE, Aimee, V.; ROBBINS, Scott; HONCOCH, Eleanor. Consultation report our sexual future with robots. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 14 abr. 2019.
VALLOR, Shannon. GPT-3 and Missing Labor of Understanding. In Philosophers On GPT-3 (update with replies by GPT-3), DAILYNOUS: News Four and About the Philosopher Profession, 2020. Acesso em: 16/08/2020. Disponível em:
VARELA, Francisco. Conhecer: as ciências cognitivas, tendências e perspectivas. Lisboa: Instituto Piaget, 2017.
VON NEUMANN, John. Theory of self-reproducing automata. Londres: University of Illinois Press, 1966.
Published
2021-07-20
How to Cite
Quaresma, A. (2021). Weak artificial intelligence and computational brute strength. TECHNO REVIEW. International Technology, Science and Society Review, 10(1), pp. 67-78. https://doi.org/10.37467/gka-revtechno.v10.2815
Section
Research articles