Italian and Dutch Developments of Science

  • Andrea Bergamini University College of Cork
Keywords: Dutch Golden Age, Italian Renaissance, Perspective, Description, Detextualization, Art, Scientific Revolution


This article illustrates how during early modernity Italian and Dutch cultures and particularly artistic traditions contributed differently to both the theoretical and practical developments of science. To achieve this goal, it will firstly compare the two forms of detextualization of space operated by Italian artists and by Dutch artists. Finally, it will indicate how each detextualization allowed for the development within the science of the mathematical tradition by the Italian Culture and the experimental tradition by the Dutch culture.


Alberti, L. B. (2004), On Painting, London: Penguin Books.

Alpers, S. (1983). The Art of Describing. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Augé, M. (1995). Non-Places. London: Verso.

Bacon, F. (2012). The Great Instauration, Jersey City (USA): Start Publishing.

Berger, J. (1972). Ways of Seing, London: Penguin Books.

Bryson, N. (1981). World and Image. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Carbone, M (2016). Filosofia-Schermi. Milano: Raffaello Cortina Editore.

Crary, J. (1990). Techniques of the Observer. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.

De Santillana, G. (1969). Critical Problems in the History of Science, The Role of Art in the Scientific Renaissance, pp.33-65. Madison, Wisconsin: The University of Wisconsin Press.

Foucault, M. (1991). Discipline and Punish: The Birth of The Prison. London: Penguin Books.

Foucault, M. (2002). The Order of Things: An Archaeology of the Human Sciences. New York: Routledge.

Galileo (1957). The Assayer, Discoveries and Opinion of Galileo, translated by Stillman Drake. Garden City, New York: Doubleday Anchor Books.

Harries, K. (1973). Descartes, Perspective, and the Angelic Eye, Yale French Studies, No. 49, pp. 28-42. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press.

Jay, M. 1994, Downcast Eyes, Berkeley and Los Angeles, California: University of California Press.

Koyré, A. (October 1943). Journal of the History of Ideas, Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 400-428. University of Pennsylvania Press

Kuhn, T. S. (Summer 1976). Mathematical vs. Experimental Traditions in the Development of Physical Science, The Journal of Interdisciplinary History, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 1-31. Cambridge, Massachusetts, MIT Press

Lindberg, D. C. (1976). Theories of Vision. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

McMullin, E. (Sept. 1985). Galilean Idealization, Studies in history and philosophy of science, Vol. 16, no. 3.

Wilson, C. (January-March 1988). Visual Surface and Visual Symbols: The Microscope and Early Modern Science, Journal of the History of Ideas, 49, 1.

How to Cite
Bergamini, A. (2020). Italian and Dutch Developments of Science. HUMAN Review. International Humanities Review / Revista Internacional De Humanidades, 9(2), pp. 71-86.